Bernhard Streitwieser

Bernhard Streitwieser
Assistant Professor, International Education & International Affairs
(202) 994-4672

Bernhard Streitwieser’s research looks comparatively at the impact of globalization on the internationalization of higher education. He has three main focus areas:

  • Internationalization & Mobility: research on study abroad, international student exchange, and the professional identity of ‘scholar-practitioners’ managing international education
  • Integration: research on the integration of migrants and refugees into higher education, with a geographic focus on Europe (Germany) and the United States
  • Competition: research on international branch campuses and education hubs

Dr. Streitwieser earned his PhD in International and Comparative Education from Columbia University, Teachers College; his MS in Applied Linguistics from Georgetown University; and his BA in International Relations and a Minor in Spanish from the University of Virginia.

From 2010-2013 Dr. Streitwieser was a visiting professor at Berlin's Humboldt Universität, where he was funded by research grants from the Fulbright Commission and the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD). He also served in 2012-2013 as Interim Chair of the university's Department of Comparative Education. From 2002-2010 he was Associate Director and Senior Researcher at Northwestern University's Searle Center for Advancing Learning and Teaching, and was also a Lecturer in the School of Education and Social Policy. From 2006-2008 he was the Associate Director of Northwestern’s Study Abroad Office. Previously, Dr. Streitwieser was a guest researcher at the Max-Planck-Institut für-Bildungsforschung in Berlin, where he was supported by a Bundeskanzler Grant from the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, and a Research Analyst at the American Institutes for Research in Washington, DC.

In 2014 Dr. Streitwieser published Internationalisation of Higher Education and Global Mobility for the Oxford Studies in Comparative Education series; in 2016 he published International Higher Education’s Scholar-Practitioners: Bridging Research and Practice, for Symposium Books; and in 2020 he published his third edited book, Education Abroad: Bridging Scholarship and Practice for Routledge's Internationalization of Higher Education series. His other current book project is Higher Education in the Era of Migration, Displacement and Internationalization, also for Routledge. He has published chapters in books with Routledge; Springer; Peter Lang; Palgrave-Macmillan; Teachers College Press; Sense; Symposium; IGI Global Press; the Schneider Verlag; and the Verlag Dr. Kovac, and in the journals Comparative Education Review; Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education; Higher Education Policy; Higher Education; Journal of Studies in International Education; International Journal of Intercultural Relations; Journal of Innovative Higher Education; International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education; Refuge: Canada's Journal on Refugees; Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning; Research in International and Comparative Education; Journal of the Knowledge Economy; Educational Research & Evaluation; European Education; Global Education Review; Journal for Deradicalization; and the American Journal of Evaluation.

Dr. Streitwieser is on the steering committee of the University Alliance for Refugees and at-Risk Migrants (UARRM) and runs the Berlin Refugee Research Group (BRRG) with colleagues in Germany. In 2016 he won a research grant from the International Education Research Foundation for his study on “German Higher Education and Credentialing Newly Arrived Immigrants,” focusing on Syrian and other newly arrived refugees integrating into German higher education. In 2018 he received funding from the International Institute of Education's Platform for Education in Emergencies Response (PEER) and the Catalyst Foundation to conduct a study “From Non-formal-to-Formal Educational Pathways for Refugee Students. A Research Study Comparing Higher Education Interventions for Refugees in Germany and Lebanon. In 2018-2019 Bernhard Streitwieser served as a NAFSA Senior Fellow.

In the Summer of 2019 Dr. Streitwieser took 13 GW students to Berlin, Hamburg and Chemnitz for a study tour on "Integration of Migrants and Refugees into Higher Education: Case Study Germany" funded by a grant he won from the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD). In July he also hosted a conference on Refugee Integration funded by a grant he won from the Volkswagen Foundation with colleagues from the German Centre for Higher Education Research and Science Studies.

Berlin Refugee Research Group, BRRG
The Berlin refugee Research Group studies pathways, hindrances and opportunities fostering refugee access to and integration into German universities. Its projects focus on Berlin’s research universities and universities of applied sciences. Interview phases so far have included in-depth studies of administrators working with refugee students, and refugee students beginning university studies. The BRRG's research has been profiled in the forthcoming book, Migrants, Refugees and Global Challenges in Higher Education (Peter Lang Publishers); the Deutsche Universitätszeitung; and the journal, Global Education Review. The team is applying for funding to support additional data collection. Members of the team are: Bernhard Streitwieser, George Washington University, Maria Anne Schmidt, Hochschule fuer Technik und Wirtschaft Berlin, Katharina Marlen Gläsener, Beuth Hochschule für Technic Berlin, and Lukas Brück of the Robert Bosch Foundation.
Flag of Berlin
University Alliance for Refugees and at-Risk Migrants, UARRM

The UARRM is committed to mobilizing greater attention for and support from university campuses in the United States for the protection and empowerment of refugees and at-risk migrants, and works with interested partners inside and outside of the Academy to raise awareness, take action, and spring-board promising initiatives. Its members consist of representatives from government, NGOs, think tanks, and a wide and growing diversity of universities.

Non-formal-to-Formal Educational Pathways for Refugee Students: A Comparative Study of Interventions in Germany and Lebanon

Funded by the International Institute of Education (IIE) Platform for Education in Emergencies Response (PEER) and the Catalyst Foundation.

This project is mapping the pathways refugees take to move from non-formal education (NFE) to formal education (FE) in the Middle East and Europe. The focus is on Lebanon and Germany as comparative cases, but the study also provides a wider mapping to the extent it illuminates both cases. The project highlights existing NFE and FE initiatives and provides detailed examples in both settings to illustrate how they became established, which populations they serve, what challenges they have faced and overcome, what their outcomes have been, what can be improved in the future, and how a better understanding of their efforts provides the research and practitioner community with recommendations for future initiatives. Collaborators on the project are from the George Washington University, the American University Beirut, the Robert Bosch Foundation, and Rutgers University. Members of the team are: Bernhard Streitwieser, George Washington University, Hana Addam El-Ghali, American University of Beirut; Lukas Brueck, Robert Bosch Foundation; Kathryn Duffy-Jaeger, Rutgers University; Jane Roche, Rutgers University; and Jisun Jeong, George Washington University.

Flag of GermanyFlag of LebanonIIE PEER Logo
Education
Ph.D., Columbia University, Teachers College
M.S., Georgetown University
B.A., University of Virginia
Publications

Books

Arar, K., Kondakci, Y., & Streitwieser, B. (Under contract). Higher Education in the Era of Migration, Displacement and Internationalization. Routledge.

Ogden, A., Streitwieser, B., & Van Moll. (Eds.). (In press). Education Abroad: Bridging Scholarship and Practice. Series on Internationalization of Higher Education. Routledge.

Streitwieser, B. and A. Ogden. (Eds.). (2016). International Higher Education’s Scholar-Practitioners: Bridging Research and Practice. Oxford, UK: Symposium Books.

Streitwieser, B. (2014) (Ed.). Internationalization of Higher Education and Global Mobility. Oxford Studies in Comparative Education. Oxford, UK: Symposium Books.

Streitwieser, B. (2012) Negotiating Transformation: East Berlin Teachers in the Post-Unification Decade. Lap Lambert Academic Publishing. ISBN 978-3-8465-8264-0

Händle, C. & Streitwieser, B. (2002). Integrative Traditionen in der Sekundarstufe? Portraits von vier ostberliner Schulen [A Tradition of Integration in Secondary Schooling? Portraits of Four Eastern Berlin School]. Hamburg: Verlag Dr. Kovac. ISSN 1435-6538

Internationalization & Mobility

Streitwieser, B. (2019). International Education for Enlightenment, for Opportunity and for Survival: Where Students, Migrants and Refugees Diverge. Journal of Comparative and International Higher Education. Vo 11, Fall 2019, 3-8.

Sieg, M. & Streitwieser, B. (2019, August 28). Inclusion via education: integrating refugees in German society. European Association for International Education, Forum Magazine.

Glass, C., Streitwieser, B. and Gopal, A. (2019). The Currency of Mobility: The Role of Funding in International Students’ Intrinsic and Utilitarian Orientations Towards Learning. Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education. Online First.

Streitwieser, B., Bryant, F., Drane, D., & Light, G. (2019). Assessing Student Conceptions of International Experience: Developing a Validated Survey Instrument. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 68, 26-43.

Hudzik, J., Streitwieser, B. & Marmolejo, F. & (2018, June 8). Renovating Internationalization for the 21st Century. University World News. Editorial.

Streitwieser, B. & Light, G. (2018). Student Conceptions of International Experience in the Study Abroad Context. Higher Education, 75(3), 471-487.

Whitney, K., Reid, L, & Streitwieser, B. (2018). Vietnam and Higher Education Internationalization: The Promise of Community Colleges. In Rosalind Latiner Raby and Edward Valeau (Eds.) The International Handbook of Comparative Studies on Community Colleges and Global Counterparts. Cham, Switzerland: Springer International. Pp. 541-555.

Streitwieser, B., and Ogden, A. (2017). Supporting Scholar-Practitioners in International Education. In Trends & Insights 2015-2016: The Changing Landscape of Higher Education Internationalization. Washington, DC: NAFSA. Pp. 34-39.

Streitwieser, B. and Ogden, A. C. (2016). The Scholar-Practitioner Debate in International Higher Education. International Higher Education, No. 86, pp. 6-8.

Streitwieser, B. and A. Ogden. (2016). Chapter 1: Heralding the Scholar-Practitioner in International Higher Education. In B. Streitwieser and A. Ogden (Editors), International Higher Education’s Scholar-Practitioners: Bridging Research and Practice. Oxford, UK: Symposium. Pp. 19-38.

Streitwieser, B. & Ogden, A. (2016). The Scholar-Practitioner Debate. Vista Magazine, International Education Association of Australia. Pp. 34-37.

Ogden, A., Streitwieser, B. (2016). A Concise Overview of Research on U.S. Education Abroad. In Donna Velliaris & Deb Coleman-George (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Study Abroad Programs and Outbound Mobility, IGI Global Press. Adelaide, Australia. Pp. 1-39.

Streitwieser, B. and Light, G. (2016). The Grand Promise of Global Citizenship Through Study Abroad: The Student View. Global and Local Internationalisation. In Elspeth Jones, Robert Coelen, Jos Beelen, & Hans de Wit (Eds.). (Series editor: Philip Altbach). Rotterdam. Sense. Pp. 67-74.

Streitwieser, B., and Ogden, A. (2016). Supporting Scholar-Practitioners in International Higher Education. Trends & Insights. NAFSA: Association of International Educators. Washington, DC.

Gopal, A., & Streitwieser, B. (2016, January 3). International Students Support Structures and the Equity Question. Inside Higher Ed’s The World View Blog.

Streitwieser, B., and Klabunde, N. (2015). Germany. Internationalisation of Higher Education Study. European Parliament, Directorate-General for Internal Policies. Policy Department B: Structural and Cohesion Policies. Culture and Education. IP/CULT/IC/2014-002. Brussels, Belgium: European Parliament.

Streitwieser, B. Olson, J., Burkhart, S. and Klabunde, N. (2015). Coordinated German Internationalization: Broadening Perspectives. International Higher Education, No 83, pp. 24-26.

Miller-Idriss C. & Streitwieser, B. (2015, May 7). Foreign students not a threat but an advantage. The Conversation.

Choudaha, R. & Streitwieser, B. (2014, October 3). How do we assess the impact of internationalization? University World News.

Streitwieser, B. (2014, Nov 26). U.S. student body grows ever more international, but inequality persists. The Conversation.

Streitwieser, B. & Van Winkle, Z. (2014). The Erasmus Citizen: Student’s Conceptions of Citizenship Identity in the Erasmus Mobility Programme in Germany. In B. Streitwieser (Ed.), Internationalization of Higher Education and Global Mobility. Oxford Studies in Comparative Education: Symposium. Pp. 259-286.

Ogden, A., Streitwieser, B., and Crawford, E. (2014). Empty Meeting Grounds: Situating Intercultural Learning in U.S. Education Abroad. In B. Streitwieser (Ed.), Internationalization of Higher Education and Global Mobility. Oxford Studies in Comparative Education: Symposium. Pp. 229-258.

Streitwieser, B., Le, E and Rust, V. (2012). Research on Study Abroad, Mobility, and Student Exchange in Comparative Education Scholarship. Research in International and Comparative Education, 7(1), 5-19.

Streitwieser, B. (2012). (Guest Editor). Research on Study Abroad, Mobility and Student Exchange in Comparative Education Scholarship. Research in International and Comparative Education, 7(1), 1-125.

Streitwieser, B. (2012). Erasmus Mobility and Students' Conceptions of National, Regional and Global Citizenship Identity. In Jos Beelen & Hans de Wit (Eds.), Internationalisation revisited; New dimensions in the internationalisation of higher education. Amsterdam: CAREM. Pp. 135-150.

Streitwieser, B. (2010). Review of Integrating Study Abroad into the Undergraduate Curriculum: Theory and Practice Across the Disciplines. Edited by Elizabeth Brewer and Kiran Cunningham. Comparative Education Review 54(4), pp. 614-616.

Streitwieser, B. (2009). Undergraduate Research During Study Abroad: Scope, Meaning, and Potential. In Ross Lewin (Ed.), The Handbook of Practice and Research in Study Abroad: Higher Education and the Quest for Global Citizenship. New York: Routledge. Pp. 399-419.

Streitwieser, B., Sobania, N. (2008). Overseeing Study Abroad Research: Challenges, Responsibilities, and the Institutional Review Board. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, XVI, 1-16.

Streitwieser, B., Leephaibul, R. (2007). Enhancing the Study Abroad Experience through Independent Research in Germany. Die Unterrichtspraxis-Teaching German, 40.2, 164-170.

Bilyalov, D., Streitwieser, B. (2007). New Dimensions of a Kazakh-U.S. Partnership. International Educator, November-December, 2007, 14-17.

Integration

Streitwieser, B. Duffy-Jaeger, & Roche, J. (In press). Comparing the Responses of U.S. Higher Education Institutions Toward International and Undocumented Students in the Trump Era. Comparative Education Review.

Arar, K., Kondakci, Y. & Streitwieser, B (2020). Higher Education for Forcibly Displaced Migrants, Refugees and Asylum Seekers. Higher Education Policy. Online First.

Streitwieser, B. Duffy-Jaeger, K. & Roche, J. (2020). Included yet Excluded: The Higher Education Paradox for Resettled Refugees in the United States of America. Higher Education Policy. Online First.

Streitwieser, B. (2019, October 19). Isolationism is a loser’s game and devastating for HE. University World News.

Streitwieser, B. (2019). “Our Country is Full:” Securitization and the Challenge for Higher Education. In International Education in a Time of Global Disruption: Extended Reflections and Commentary by the 2018-19 NAFSA Senior Fellows, September, 2019, 32-35.

Streitwieser, B. & Madden, M. (2019). On the Duty of Care: Refugees, At-Risk Migrants, and Internationalization. International Educator, May/June 2019. Washington, DC: NAFSA.

Streitwieser, B. (2019, March). Why Migrants and Refugees Have a Place in International Education. NAFSA Trends & Insights: Internationalization in a Time of Global Disruption 11-14.

Streitwieser, B. (2019, April 6).Humanism at the heart of international education. University World News.

Streitwieser, B., Allen, K. & Duffy-Jaeger, K. (2019). Higher Education in an Era of Violent Extremism: Exploring Tensions Between National Security and Academic Freedom. Journal for Deradicalization, 18, 50-85.

Streitwieser, B. and Brück, L. (2018). Competing Motivations in Germany’s Higher Education Response to the Syrian Refugee Crisis. Refuge: Canada’s Journal on Refugees, 34(2), 38-51.

Streitwieser, B., Loo, B., Ohorodnik, M. & Jeong, J. (2018). Access for Refugees into Higher Education: A Review of Current Activities in North America and Europe. Journal of Studies in International Education. 23(4), 473-496.

Streitwieser, B. Schmidt, M., Brück, L., & Gläsener, K. (2018). Needs, Barriers, and Support Systems for Refugee Students in Germany. Global Education Review, 5 (4), 136-157.

Streitwieser, B. and Unangst, L. (2018). Access for Refugees into Higher Education: Paving Pathways to Integration. International Higher Education, No. 95, pp. 16-18.

Streitwieser, B., Roche, J., Duffy-Jaeger, K., & Douman, B. (2018). Universities as Global Advocates: Empowering Educators to Help Refugees and Migrants. University Alliance for Refugees and at-Risk Migrantrs. A Mapping of the Landscape Report by the University Alliance for Refugees and At-Risk Migrants. Rutgers University.

Unangst, L, & Streitwieser, B. (2018). Inclusive practices in response to the German refugee influx: support structures and rationales described by university administrators. In Remus Pricopie, Ligia Deca, Adrian Curaj (Eds.), Jamil Salmi, Hans de Wit, Liviu Matei, Sjur Bergan, Ellen Hazelkorn (Co-Eds.), European Higher Education Area: The Impact of Past and Future Policies. Heidelberg: Springer. Pp. 287-300.

Streitwieser, B., Schmidt, A., Brück, L. & Gläsener, K. (2018). Not a Crisis but a Coping Challenge: How Berlin Universities Responded to the Refugee Influx. In Khalid Arar, Kussai Haj-Yehia, David Ross, & Yasar Kondakci (Editors), Higher Education Challenges for Migrant and Refugee Students in a Global World. Frankfurt: Peter Lang.

Loo, B, Streitwieser, B. and Jeong, J. (2018, February 6). Higher Education's Role in National Refugee Integration: Four Cases. World Education News & Reviews.

Streitwieser, B., Miller-Idriss, C., and deWit, H. (2017). Higher Education’s Response to the European Refugee Crisis. In Jocelyne Gacel-Avila, Elspeth Jones, Nico Jooste, Hans de Wit (Eds.), The Globalization of Internationalization: Emerging Voices and Perspectives. London: Routledge. Pp. 29-39.

Streitwieser, B., Brück, L, Moody, R., and Taylor, M. (2017). The Potential and Reality of New Refugees Entering German Higher Education: The Case of Berlin Institutions. European Education, 49(14), pp. 231-252.

Streitwieser, B., Taylor, M., & Moody, R. (2017). Challenges and Innovations: Germany’s Effort to Integrate Refugees into Higher Education. International Education Research Foundation Presentation Series for Sepmeyer Research Grant Recipients.

Streitwieser, B. & Taylor, M. (2016, August 19). Credentialing Procedures for Migrants Seeking Entrance to German Higher Education. International Enrollment Management Spotlight, 13(2). NAFSA: Association of International Educators.

Streitwieser, B. & Morris-Lange, S. (2016, August 12). Barriers to providing HE to refugees must be breached. University World News, 424.

Competition

Gregorutti, G., Pineda, P. & Streitwieser, B. (2020). Emerging Decolonized Research Networks: The Max Planck Institute and the Leibniz Association in Latin America. Journal of Studies in International Education,24(1), 59-78..

Beecher, B., Streitwieser, B., & Zhou, J. (2019). Comparative Strategies and National Policies in Building Educational Hubs in Hong Kong and South Korea. Industry & Higher Education. 34(2), 80-90.

Pineda, P. and Streitwieser, B. (2018). Research Partnerships Over Neocolonialism: Max Planck Society Policy in Latin America. In Gustavo Gregorutti and Nanette Svenson (Eds.) Innovative North-South University Research Partnerships in Latin America and the Caribbean. London: Palgrave Macmillan. Pp. 259-278.

Beecher, B., and Streitwieser, B. (2018, June 5). Higher Education’s Holistic Value: The Triple Helix. Inside Higher Ed’s World View Blog. Reprinted with permission on the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation International Higher Education blog.

Streitwieser, B. & Beecher, B. (2017). Information Sharing in the Age of Hyper Competition: Opening an International Branch Campus. Change, 49(6), 44-50.

Beecher, B., and Streitwieser, B. (2017). A Risk Management Approach for the Internationalization of Higher Education. Journal of the Knowledge Economy. 10(4), 1404-1426.

Other Publications

Engel L.C., Madden M., Streitwieser B. (2019) Social Theories and the Teaching of Comparative Education. In: Peters M. (eds) Encyclopedia of Teacher Education. Springer, Singapore.

Engel, L. C., Streitwieser, B., & Williams, J. (2015). Foreword. In R. Wanner. UNESCO’s origins, achievements, problems and promise: An inside/outside perspective from the U.S. Hong Kong: Comparative Education Research Center of Hong Kong. (pp. 1-3).

Streitwieser, B. and Light, G. (2010). When Undergraduates Teach Undergraduates—Conceptions of and Approaches to Teaching in a Peer-led Team Learning Intervention in the STEM Disciplines: Results of a Two Year Study. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 22(3), 346-356.

Micari, M., Pazos, P., Streitwieser, B., and Light, G. (2010). Small-group learning in undergraduate STEM disciplines: effect of group type on student achievement. Collaborative Learning in Undergraduate STEM Disciplines. Educational Research & Evaluation, 16(30), 269-286.

Streitwieser, B. Light, G., and Pazos, P. (2010, May-June). Entering the Community of Practitioners: A Science Research Workshop Model. Change, 42(3), 17-23.

Streitwieser, B. and Lys, F. (2008). “I asked my parents why a wall was so important:” Teaching about the GDR and Post-reunification Germany. Die Unterrichtspraxis-Teaching German, 41(2), 134-143.

Micari, M., Light, G., Calkins, S., and Streitwieser, B. (2007). Assessment Beyond Performance: Phenomenography in Educational Evaluation. American Journal of Evaluation, 28, 4, 458-476.

Micari, M. Streitwieser, B, and Light, G. (2005). Undergraduates leading undergraduates: Peer facilitation in Northwestern University’s Gateway Science Workshop Program. Journal of Innovative Higher Education, 30(4), 269-288.

Streitwieser, B. (2004). Local reactions to imposed transfer: The case of eastern Berlin secondary school teachers. In Gita Steiner-Khamsi (Ed.) The Global Politics of Educational Borrowing and Lending. New York: Teachers College Press. Pp. 114-128.

Streitwieser, B. (2002). “Nicht vom Tisch wischen!” Lehrerinnen und Lehrer aus Prenzlauer Berg über ihre Erfahrungen und Eindrücke vor und nach der politischen Wende 1989/1990. [“Don’t dismiss us! Teachers from Prenzlauer Berg on their Experiences and Impressions of Schooling Before and After German Reunification 1989/1990”] Schule zwischen gestern und morgen: Beiträge zur Schulgeschichte von Prenzlauer Berg. Berlin: Prenzlauer Berg Museum für Heimatgeschichte und Stadtkultur. Hohengehren: Schneider Verlag. Pp. 224-254.

Streitwieser, B. (2001). Aktuelle Entwicklungen im Schulwesen der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika. [Current Developments in Schooling in the United States of America.”] In Hans Doebert und Christian Ernst (Hrsg.) Basiswissen Pädagogik – Aktuelle Schulkonzepte, Band 4, Schulen mit Besonderem Profil. Hohengehren: Schneider Verlag. Pp. 99-138.

Streitwieser, B. (2000). Memory and Judgment: How East Berlin schools and teachers have been regarded in the post-reunification decade. In David Phillips (Series Editor), Oxford Studies in Comparative Education: Education in Germany Since Unification. Oxford, England: Symposium. Pp. 57-80.

Streitwieser, B. (2000). Pedagogical Challenges in Post-Wende East Germany. In T. Mebrahtu, Michael Crossley & David Johnson (Eds.) Globalisation, Educational Transformation and Societies in Transition. London: Symposium. Pp. 81-98.

Streitwieser, B. (1999). Some thoughts on Post-Reunification Pedagogical Adjustments. European Education, 31(3), 60-86.

Streitwieser, B. (1998). East Berlin teachers: Adjustments to educational reunification eight years in retrospect, Nowe w Szkole, 9 & 10, 2-5 & 2-4.

In the News

Dr. Bernhard Streitwieser published a co-edited book, Education Abroad: Bridging Scholarship and Practice for Routledge’s "Internationalization in Higher Education" series. One of the chapters is also co-written by our former colleague, Dr. Daniel Klasik.
 

GSEHD visiting scholar from China, Siqi Song, published an essay entitled, "Teaching the Challenging But Essential Academic Writing Skill of Paraphrasing" in EFL: The Magazine for English Language Teachers. She developed the essay in Dr.

Professor Huili Han, a GSEHD visiting scholar from China, published an essay in University World News entitled, "How to make the switch to online teaching more effective" about teaching online during the corona pandemic. Dr. Han developed the essay in Dr.

Dr. Bernhard Streitwieser published an article with two colleagues from the Middle East entitled, "Higher Education for Forcibly Displaced Migrants, Refugees and Asylum Seekers," for a special issue of the journal, Higher Education Policy that they guest edited.

Dr. Bernhard Streitwieser’s work on refugee access to higher education was generously cited in the new report, Internationalisation in Higher Education for Society: Concept, Current Research and Examples of Good Practice, commissioned by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD). See pages 40, 58 and 90.